What is train ticket?
Travel document valid for a journey by train (although sometimes also on other supplementary modes of transport) on the predefined route (->distance), any kind of train ticket has fixed validity period (can be as short as few hours and as long as few months). Depending on country and rail company train tickets can be purchased either via ticket counters, automated ticket machines or official websites
What is seat/bed reservation?
Travel document reserving passenger specific seat or bed on specific train & date. Seat or bed (sleeper & couchette) reservations are complimentary parts to train tickets which are issued for specific route. Seat/bed reservation can be obtained either together with train ticket or purchased separately
What is ticket supplement?
Additional surcharge necessary for journeys on certain trains, usually applicable for passengers holding standard fare tickets or rail passes (ticket supplements often, but not always, required for journeys on high-speed & international trains). In majority of cases ticket supplements are already included in train ticket price by default, however passengers might need to purchase it separately in cases when traveling with rail passes, national (domestic) ticket on international train or simply wanting to travel in higher class (for instance preferring 1st class instead of 2nd class)
What is SCIC-NRT (TCV) rail tariff?
Basic and most common in Europe international passenger rail tariff where train tickets are sold under Special Conditions of International Carriage for Non-Integrated-Reservation Tickets (SCIC-NRT), previously was known as TCV (Tarif Commun international pour le transport des Voyageurs et des Bagages or Standard International Passenger and Baggage Tariff). All the SCIC-NRT tickets are issued in accordance to the Uniform Rules concerning the Contract of International Carriage of Passengers by Rail (CIV), thus ticket validity is generally 1 month (either from the date of purchase or date specified by the passenger), with SCIC-NRT ticket rail journey can be initiated at any time during the ticket’s term of validity unless disallowed by special transport terms and conditions, a journey can be suspended at any time, any number of times and without formalities, SCIC-NRT tickets are not tied to any specific train. Tariff currency is Euro
What is Global price (Globalpreis) or SCIC-IRT tariff?
Rail tariff where train tickets are sold under Special Conditions of International Carriage for Integrated-Reservation Tickets (SCIC-IRT), thus tickets are issued with already included seat/bed reservation (in other words, railway companies simply set specific prices combining ticket (route distance) & reservation (seat/bed) for specific routes). Unlike SCIC-NRT tickets, tickets issued under SCIC-IRT conditions are valid only for the particular train & date not allowing any stopover or journey interruptions. SCIC-IRT is mainly used by railway companies in France, Spain & Italy, however lately also Russian Railways (RZD) switched many international trains from SCIC-NRT to 'Global Price' (SCIC-IRT) tariff
What is East-West rail tariff?
International passenger tariff used for tickets issued for train journeys between former Soviet countries (Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Baltic states) and other countries in Europe (unless 'Global Price' tariff applies). On European part East-West tariff is equal to SCIC-NRT. East-West Tariff currency is Euro
What is SET rail tariff?Regional international passenger rail tariff used for tickets issued for train journeys between countries members of South-East Europe Railways Group (SERG), which are the railway companies of Albania, Bulgaria, FYR of Macedonia, Greece, Romania, Turkey, Serbia, Moldova, Montenegro and Republika Srpska . SET tariff tickets can be purchased only via rail companies of participating countries. Saying in general, SET ticket usually cost app. 50% cheaper than SCIC-NRT (TCV) tickets for the same route. SET Tariff currency is Euro
What is MPT rail tariff?
International passenger rail tariff ('Международный пассажирский тариф') used for tickets issued for train journeys between countries members of SMPS ('Соглашение о международном железнодорожном пассажирском сообщении'), which are from one side Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Baltic states, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan & Tajikistan, while from the other side it is China, Mongolia, North Korea & Vietnam. MPT tariff tickets can be issued for connections from any country of the first group to any in the second. MPT Tariff currency is Swiss Francs
What is MGPT rail tariff?
Regional international (=interstate) passenger rail tariff ('Межгосударственный пассажирский тариф') used for tickets issued for train journeys between former Soviet countries (Russia to Ukraine, Ukraine to Belarus, Belarus to Lithuania and alike tickets). MGPT Tariff currency is Swiss Francs
What is CMO rail tariff?
Regional international passenger rail tariff used for tickets issued for train journeys between countries members of Middle East Rail Group (Syria, Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Jordan & Lebanon). CMO Tariff currency is Swiss Francs
Discounts & Special Offers:
What is SparSchiene?General term (originating from German) referring to discounted (often promo fares) train tickets which are sold in limited number per each departure, in most cases Sparschiene tickets are non-exchangeable & non-refundable. Sparschiene tickets combine all the categories of Spar discounted tickets (like SparPreis, SparDay, SparNight etc.)
What is SparDay offer?
Discounted train tickets sold for daytime international trains (widely used in Germany & Central Europe). SparDay tickets have limited availability (certain quoata per train) & require use of specific train(s) on specific date. SparDay tickets often have advertisement friendly prices (like 9€, 19€, 29€ etc.)
What is SparNight offer?
Discounted train tickets sold for overnight international trains (widely used in Switzerland, Germany & Central Europe). SparNight tickets have limited availability (certain quota per train) & require use of specific train(s) on specific date, usually available for seats, couchettes and sleepers. SparNight tickets often have advertisement friendly prices (like 19€, 29€, 39€ etc.)
What is Prem's tickets?
Discounted train tickets for rail journeys in France, mostly offered for daytime high-speed connections with TGV/iDTGV trains. Prem's tickets are non-exchangeable, non-refundable & required in advance purchase. Prem's tickets often have advertisement friendly prices (like 22€, 25€ or 29€)
What is Super Economy tickets?
Discounted trains tickets for rail journeys in Italy, offered by TrenItalia (FS) for daytime high-speed & intercity trains and for couchette & sleeper carriages on the overnight trains. 'Super Economy' tickets are sold in limited number per departure, non-exchangeable, non-refundable & required in advance purchase. 'Super Economy' tickets often have advertisement friendly prices (like 9€, 19€, 29€ etc.)
What is CityStar tickets?
Special type of international return tickets targeted for group & family travelers (up to five adults + one child, while two children counted as one adult passenger), although in many cases even one passenger can use them. CityStar tickets mainly offered by railway companies in Central & Eastern Europe. Unique feature of CityStar (also can bare the name 'Sparpreis' (Germany), 'Ekonomnye ceny' (Russia), 'Plan & Spar' (Switzerland) tickets is that first passenger pays full ticket fare, while 2nd, 3rd, 4th & 5th pay only 50% (however with some CityStars additional passengers pay more)
To illustrate let's say the CityStar ticket from country A to country B costs 100€, one person traveling will pay this 100€, but additional companions traveling with the passenger will pay only half of it or 50€, so if we have a group of 4 adults, then CityStar tickets for all of them will cost only 200€ (or 100€ +50€ +50€ +50€)
Besides the general rule of any CityStar ticket - each additional passengers pay less, there are some important difference depending on country where passenger buys CityStar ticket. Some railway companies might allow the route there and back to be different, others might allow different route there and back in a target country as far as the border crossing points are the same, sometimes rail companies set various price levels for CityStar tickets (depending on distance in home, transit or target country). On some occasions CityStar ticket are also subject to the so-called 'weekend rule', meaning that return trip can occur only if passenger spend night from Saturday to Sunday in the country of final destination or there is a requirement to purchase CityStar ticket at least three days before the journey
What is Rail Plus card?
Rail Plus Card (or Rail Plus Card discount) refers to passenger travel card which is valid for one year & allows the holder to receive 25% discount from the standard tariff price on majority of international train tickets. The card is issued in the name of the holder and is non-transferable, also can be issued in combination with national discounted travel card (like BahnCard in Germany, VORTEILScard in Austria, GA travelcard/Half-Fare travelcard in Switzerland etc.)Most rail networks recognise discounts for all passengers, some railway networks however only allow discounts for certain categories of passengers:
- in Ireland – only for Senior passengers
What is EuRail pass?
Rail pass targeting non-European residents, allows unlimited travel for a defined period of time on railways participating in the agreement (Austria, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom). Eurail pass can be offered for one country only, for specific region (regional), couple countries (select) or for all countries participating in the agreement (so-called Global Pass). Pass can be continuous (certain number of days in a row) or flexi (certain number of travel days within particular period)
What is InterRail pass?
Rail pass targeting European residents (at least 6 month of residence required), allows unlimited travel for a defined period of time on railways participating in the agreement (Austria, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom). Interrail pass can be offered for one country only or for all countries (Global pass). Pass can be continuous (certain number of days in a row) or flexi (certain number of travel days within particular period)
What is Balkan (Flexi) pass?
Balkan pass or Balkan Flexi Pass is a regional rail pass allowing unlimited travel for a defined period of time on railways participating in the agreement (Bulgaria, FYR Macedonia, Greece, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Turkey & Republika Srpska). Balkan Flexi Pass can be of two kinds: a) sold outside of participating countries (by Rail Europe agency), only for 1st class or b) much cheaper pass for both 1st & 2nd class sold directly by participating railway companies. Balkan Pass is a flexi pass, thus valid during 5 to 15 days within one month validity period